During the 1960s, CNRS researchers Henry de Lumley, Jean Courtin and Charles Lagrand led excavations in the Verdon before dams were built and Sainte-Croix Lake was created. Before this, father and son team Bernard and Bertrand Bottet had already identified numerous clues pointing to the presence of man in the Verdon, and Baume Bonne cave in particular, during prehistoric times.
Thousands of archaeological artefacts were discovered in numerous caves in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Var departments. These were mainly lithic (stone) objects, but also included human and animal bones, ceramics and metal furniture.
Research on the collections: the museum's archaeological artefacts are studied by numerous researchers. With new technologies such as genetics and DNA, their working methods have progressed. Knowledge is being updated via this progress, producing new hypotheses and keys to understanding for the history of the evolution of man.